Welding Protection

All about welders wear


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All about welders wear

Welding cap or Welding Helmet? Which welding goggles should I use? Get the answer here.

About the use of welding protection

Welding is still among the most dangerous industrial business - so protect yourself properly!

Below you can read about the correct choice of welding clothing and breathing apparatus to your work. The guide is in just 3 steps. (Takes less than 5 minutes).

Step 1. Select the correct welding protection

Eye Protection

Welding helmet or welding goggles are an independent choice.

You just need to pay attention to selecting the equipment to suit the situation, and not least that the welding helmet or welding goggles have the right welding glass built.

What you need is determined by the welding method and the welding current in Ampere spent.


Ask for yourself 2 questions:

  • What welding method am i working with?

  • What welding current is worked with?

Then compile your welding method with which the welding power you work with to find the required DIN value for your eye protection.

Example: If welding method is TIG Welding Power is 225, this implies a DIN value of 12. This means that when you have to find a suitable welding helmet or welding goggles, you place the glass have this value.

Recommended DIN degrees for welding glass in accordance with EN 379: 2009


In the table below is the recommended DIN-degree in the best protective welding glass from welding method and current.

It is acceptable to use a welding glass +/- 1 DIN in accordance with that recommended in the table.

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Head Protection

Welding caps

Once you have found the necessary protection for your eyes, consider head and face protection.

Selecting a welding glasses are the rest of the face is not protected, therefore wear a welding hood there.

There are different types of welding hoods and chin piece, depending on the desired fit, size and comfort.

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Welding Helmets

Using welding helmets, one can protect the neck and chin as shown in the picture:

Welding helmets are also available with or without air supply. We offer both welding helmets, but also caps and chin pieces that fit welding helmets.

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Welding Clothing and gloves

Depending on your work, you have different requirements for where on the body your work wear to protect against welding sparks, metal drops, flames, sparks and radiant heat.

Consider therefore what the job requires weld cladding and welding gloves.

To protect against skin damage from radiation and splashes Use suitable welding gloves with cuffs which protect the wrist and forearm. In addition, used ubiquity of clothing that covers the body in all postures.

Other personal protection against skin burns and splashes may also be required. Eg.

  • Bosom Skins or non-combustible aprons

  • Welding Sleeves

  • Bib

  • Leggings

Step 2. Selection of respiratory protection

Although protecting eyes and body properly, there is still risk of inflicting themselves other damage from inhalation of hazardous and toxic welding fumes.

What you as a welder or employer do to get the right respirator for a safe work environment depends on three factors:

1. Material: What material do you work with?

2. Process: What welding method is used?

3. Work: How is the ventilation?

Follow these three steps in the chart below and you'll know what kind of respirator you need to protect yourself optimally.

For example:

If you work with Aluminium through the welding method TIG, and your workshop environment has good ventilation or exhaust = Your best protection is therefore P (Turbo particulate filter respirator).


P = Turbo particulate filter respirator

ABE = Turbo respirator with ABE gas filter

C = Compressed air line respirators

For further information on respirators and deeper guidance on purchase of these - see the article on respirators

 

Step 1.
Material: What material are being worked with?

Step 2.

Process: What welding method are being used?

Step 3. Work environment: How is the venting?

Workshop Environment Good ventilation and extraction

Workshop Environmental poor ventilation and exhaustion
AluminumMIG, TIG, ELECTRODESP
P or P + ABE
Stainless steelMIG, TIG, ELECTRODESP
P or P + ABE

PLASMA

(Welding and cutting)

P
P + ABE or C
Steel untreated or painted (lead based Primer)MIG/MAG ELEKTRODESP
P

PLASMA

(Welding and cutting)

P
P or C
Steel galvanizedMIG/MAG
STICK WELDING
P
P

PLASMA

(Welding and cutting)

P
P or C
Steel Painted / isolatedMIG/MAGC
C
with 2-component paint or polyurethane (isocyanates)

ELECTRODES

PLASMA

(Welding and cutting)

C
C
All materials cleaned with Trichloroethylene

MIG

TIG

ELECTRODES

PLASMA

(Welding and cutting)

P + ABEP + ABE or C

Step 3. Selecting signage

There are various special rules for workplaces where welding or cutting.

Among the workplace must be delimited and marked with appropriate warning and safety signs. (Including also signs with smoking bans)

Below you see some of the required signs.

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Knowledge on Welding Protection & Welding Equipment

The Welder's right to Protection

It is generally the employer's responsibility to provide a safe and healthy working environment, including making necessary protective equipment available. But we are all responsible for ensuring that this is possible and that it is used correctly.

You only have two eyes

Protect them

Eyes and face are sensitive and vulnerable and must be protected against damage from the harsh and demanding welding.

For the purpose of welding and cutting developed, inter alia, harmful radiation, etc. These can cause damage to the respiratory, skin and eyes. The most common eye injuries from sparks and slag, but also the "arc eyes" which is the combustion and photodamage on bovine retinas, and because of the UV / IR radiation, are frequent. These injuries can be avoided by using the right protective gear.

Follow damage from welding fumes are insidious

After you have chosen the right eye and face protection, you still risk getting headaches, sore throat, and feel a general fatigue that only seems to disappear for example. in the weekend. This is due to welding fumes contain contaminants that are harmful to breathe. Health Damage caused by welding is usually insidious, and it may take weeks, months or years before they show up.

It is important to choose the right security measures

How dangerous working environment depends on the welding process, the materials are welded etc. Welding is a dangerous working process, if you do not know what risks it entails, and what precautions you should take.

Therefore, all welders in Denmark today undergo a compulsory education, the so-called § 26 course (Clause 26). There welder learn about the risks of cutting and welding which rules the labor inspectorate has prepared for the work.

It is the employer's responsibility to ensure that all welders get this training and to ensure the working environment as possible under current legislation.

The welder's duty to follow the rules and use the necessary equipment in the form of ventilation and personal protective equipment made available by the employer for the best possible way to create a safe and healthy work environment.

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Personal Protection for Welding

In connection with welding work exposed the eyes and lungs of a harsh and demanding environment. An environment that can lead to chronic and insidious damage.

These injuries can be avoided by using the right protective gear. Basically, always use eye and face protection for welding. However, it is strongly recommended also to use respirators.

But in addition, to find out what equipment you need depends on the situation. It's not very hard to figure out what you need, you just follow this little guide.

You should start by finding necessary eye and face protection, which must be carried, then, select respirators that fit your situation. In most cases, there are all-in-one solutions.

The rules for personal protection in welding and plasma cutting appears blah. At-instructions.

Eye and face protection

In connection with welding developed harmful radiation, of which the most common eye injuries from sparks, slag and "arc eyes", all burns of the horn and the retinas. This is about burns similar to what you experience on the skin upon contact with the hot objects. The consequence is blindness or visual disturbances life.

Whatever kind of welding work done, always use eye and face protection.

Basically, you need 2 things to protect themselves optimally as possible against damage to the eyes and face:

  1. Welding glasses or welding helmet with welding glass

  2. Welding hoods or chin pieces (for the protection of the neck)


Welding helmet or welding goggles are an independent choice. You just have to be aware that you have chosen equipment suited to the situation, and not least to the welding helmet or welding goggles have the right welding glass built. What you need is determined by the welding method and the welding current in amperes.

Welding helmets or welding shields must be designed to protect the face and neck against radiation. Monitor or helmet must also be made of material that is combustible or electrically conductive.

Welding helmets, however, is equipped with filter glass which the density is essential.

Filter Glass is labeled with a number that indicates the density. For the welding work is typically used densities of 9 to 14. In front filter glass is also used normally a clear cover glass, which aims to protect the filter glass from splashes.


The Density degree of eye protection should be selected as two conditions are met:

  • The eye shields should protect against blue light damage

  • The eye shields must provide comfortable viewing conditions

For flame cutting and working with gas burners are typically goggles or face shield with filter glass on the density 4-7.

Plain glass material filters out nearly all UV radiation. For protection against the strong visible light and blålysskader required additionally that the glass has a sufficient density (darkness). The density as the minimum needed to protect against eye damage, however, is so low that few will be able to work with so bright glass.

Therefore, the general rule for selecting the filter glass:

  • Choose Welding glass with the density, providing the most comfortable viewing conditions.

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Welding Clothing

Depending on your work, you have different requirements for where on the body your work wear to protect against welding sparks, metal drops, flames, sparks and radiant heat.

Consider therefore what the job requires weld cladding and welding gloves.

To protect against skin damage from radiation and splashes Use suitable welding gloves with cuffs which protect the wrist and forearm. In addition, used ubiquity of clothing that covers the body in all postures.

Other personal protection against skin burns and splashes may also be required. Eg.

  • Bosom Skins or non-combustible aprons

  • Welding Sleeves

  • Bib

  • Leggings

Welding Jacket

Sleeves / welding sleeves

Welding shoe covers / leggings

Shielding of the welding site

The Welding position must be shielded welding curtains, screens or walls that effectively limit the spread of the optical radiation.

The welding curtains can be made of fire-resistant canvas or plastic materials with different colors and transparency. Plastic curtains have the advantage that they provide more light for work and opportunity to observe any accident from the outside.

Curtains will reduce the optical radiation so much that people passing by or watching the welding process through the curtain is fully protected against radiation. There is European standard EN: 1598 which specifies rules for testing and labeling of curtains in terms of density (transmittance), fire resistance, etc. Plastic curtains to be like other safety equipment must be CE marked.

Respirators and Welding

While protecting your eyes properly, there is still risk of inflicting themselves other injuries, e.g. inhalation of welding fumes.

All kinds of welding fumes (which comes from any type of welding work) contains hazardous and noxious substances, of which the effects are insidious. It can take weeks, months or years before the collateral damage is found. It is therefore important either to use respirators or have taken the necessary measures.

The degree of protection and the shape of it will very much depend on how to work with welding.

What you as a welder or employer do to get the right respirator for a safe work environment depends on three factors:

  1. Material: What material do you work with?

  2. Process: What welding method is used?

  3. Work environment: How is the ventilation on site?